Possible Individual-Level Effects of Incarceration on CVD
Incarceration may influence cardiovascular disease (CVD) through multiple pathways. Socioeconomic position, neighborhood and family conditions, and some comorbid conditions (e.g., substance use) also may influence the likelihood of incarceration. Arrows indicate the proposed direction of causality. *Sociodemographic and neighborhood factors affect behavioral and psychosocial factors, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality, but their relationships were not depicted for the sake of clarity.