Author + information
- Received May 6, 1985
- Revision received July 17, 1985
- Accepted July 24, 1985
- Published online January 1, 1986.
- Yoshiyuki Hada, MDa,
- Keiko Amano, MD,
- Tsuneo Yamaguchi, MD,
- Katsu Takenaka, MD,
- Hisako Takahashi, MD,
- Reiko Takikawa, MD,
- Ichiro Hasegawa, MD,
- Toshiyuki Takahashi, MD,
- Junichi Suzuki, MD,
- Tsuguya Sakamoto, MD, FACC and
- Tsuneaki Sugimoto, MD
- ↵aAddress for reprints: Yoshiyuki Hada, MD, The Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.
Echophonocardiography and pulsed Doppler echocardiography were performed in 30 patients with mitral stenosis (19 with atrial fibrillation and 11 with sinus rhythm) to investigate the genesis of the presystolic component or small apical vibrations preceding the first heart sound in mitral stenosis. In 27 patients, mitral valve closure preceded or coincided with tricuspid valve closure regardless of the preceding RR interval. Of three patients whose tricuspid valve closed prematurely, two had a prolonged PR interval.The soft apical vibrations, which were recorded during the final rapid closing motion of the mitral valve echogram (B-C slope), began with the upstroke of the apexcardiogram. During this event the pulsed Doppler echocardiogram revealed a deceleration in the velocity of mitral inflow. In two exceptional patients with a prolonged PR interval, this apical sound was separated from a presystolic rumble that occurred during an accelerated phase of mitral inflow or at the A wave of mitral valve echograms.
In conclusion, the tricuspid valve is not a factor contributing to the genesis of the small apical vibrations preceding the first heart sound in mitral stenosis. These vibrations are caused by acceleration of left ventricular contraction and deceleration of mitral inflow in the presence of a stenotic valve.
- Received May 6, 1985.
- Revision received July 17, 1985.
- Accepted July 24, 1985.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation