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The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between sarcopenia and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in the Chinese elderly.
A total of 1611 elderly individuals aged ≥60 years were enrolled in this study. The well-established CVRF of diabetes, hypertensions, and dyslipidemia were assessed. Sarcopenia was defined according to the recommended algorithm of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS). Multiple logistic regression analyses and the linear regressions were used to evaluate the components of CVRF and the number of CVRF of elderly patients with sarcopenia, respectively.
After adjusting for potential confounders, CVRF was associated with a high prevalence of sarcopenia in elderly Chinese populations. Furthermore, diabetes and hypertension, but not dyslipidemia were found to be significantly associated with sarcopenia. The OR and 95% CI for sarcopenia of the participants with 1, 2, and 3 features of CVRF were 2.11(1.08-4.11), 3.84(1.71-8.63), and 4.18(1.05-20.65), respectively. A high number of CVRF components was found to be associated with an increased risk for sarcopenia (P values for the trends <0.001). A linear increase in the prevalence of sarcopenia may be associated with the number of CVRF components in the elderly population.
Knowledge of known CVRF, particularly diabetes and hypertension, may help predict the risk for sarcopenia in the elderly.