Author + information
The study aimed to explore influence of music and oral movement’s intervention therapy on feeding performance in preterm infants with feeding and swallowing disorders.
Random digit table was applied to divide 100 preterm infants with feeding and swallowing disorders born at the gestational age of 29∼34 weeks into two groups. Infants of control group are intervened by music on the basis of taking conventional enteral nutrition and infants of experimental group are intervened by music and oral movement on the basis of taking conventional enteral nutrition. It needs to observe and record the time needed for preterm infants with feeding and swallowing disorders of the two groups to realize complete oral feeding, their feeding performance and feeding intolerance.
It was found that differences of the two groups of premature infants with feeding and swallowing disorders have statistical meaning in such aspects as the time needed from starting of oral feeding to complete oral feeding, the milk they suck, sucking speed, the time needed to recover birth weight and feeding intolerance. The time needed to realize complete oral feeding was significantly reduced in experimental group compared with that in control group [(12.76±3.32) d vs (20.56±3.53) d, P < 0.05]. The milk transfer rate in experimental group was significantly greater than that in control group [ (8.68±1.89) ml/min vs (3.32±1.43) ml/min, P < 0.05] and proficiency and volume transfer in experimental group were better and greater than those in control group at the stage when the infants initiated oral feeding [(46.30±6.53) ml/time vs (27.23±5.13) ml/time, P < 0.05]. The time needed to recover birth weight in experimental group was significantly shorter than that in control group [(10.04±1.18) d vs (13.30±1.32) d, P < 0.05]. Feeding intolerance of premature infants intervened by music and oral movement are less than those of control group (3% vs 13%, P < 0.05).
Intervention therapy for premature infants with music and oral movement can effectively improve their nutrition, oral feeding and lower their intolerance of enteral nutrition.