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Multiple epidemiological studies convincingly confirm that coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most widespread diseases of our time, which tends to grow and rejuvenate. If earlier cardiovascular diseases for a long time considered the main cause of disability and mortality of men, now this statement is also valid for women. In recent decades, in terms of the rate of CHD growth, women are significantly superior to men.
To study the prevalence of the main risk factors (RF) for IHD among the female population aged 20-59.
We have conducted an epidemiological survey of 952 women live in Sumgait city, among whom 187 were aged 20-29 years, 283 aged 30-39 years, 229 aged 40-49 years and 253 aged 50-59 years. In each age group there were studied the following RF of CHD: arterial hypertension (AH), diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidemia, low physical activity (LPA), body mass index (BMI) and, accordingly, distribution per stages of obesity - II, III degrees and I. It should be noted that this population had no such terrible RF as smoking and alcohol consumption.
The most significant growth rate of CHD was recorded by us between the age groups of 20-29 years and 30-39 years (7,7±2,0% and 17,3±2,3% respectively, p<0,01). Research of the prevalence RF of CHD revealed that the most frequently encountered –LPA was determined at 68,55% of women, particularly in the age group 50-59 (74.54%), the frequency of DM was observed in 5,6 ± 0,7% of the population examined by us. BMI, violation of the lipid spectrum of blood and AH were found out about with an equal frequency - 31.55%, 31.32% and 31.97% respectively. The combination of 3 RF (in 86 women) was more common, mainly in the older age group 34.0 ±3.0 %.
High rate of CHD growth among the young person’s indicates unfavorable epidemiological situation in the region. A special attention should be given on struggle against such RF, as LPA, AH, BMI and dyslipidemia.