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Predictive abilities of cardiovascular biomarkers to renal function decline are more significant in community-dwelling population without glomerular filtration rate (GFR) below 60 ml/min/1.73m2, and long-term prospective study is an optimal choice to explore this problem. Aim of this analysis was to evaluate this problem during the follow-up of 5 years in Chinese community-dwelling population without GFR below 60 ml/min/1.73m2.
In a large medical check-up program in Beijing, there were 948 participants with renal function evaluated at baseline and follow-up of 5 years. Physical examinations were performed by well-trained physicians. Blood samples were analyzed by qualified technicians in central laboratory. Linear and Logistic regression analyses were used to perform the multivariate statistical analyses.
Median rate of renal function decline was 1.46 (0.42-2.91) mL/min/1.73m2/year. Rapid decline of renal function had a prevalence of 23.5% (223 participants). Multivariate linear and Logistic regression analyses confirmed that age, sex, baseline GFR, homocysteine and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) had independently predictive abilities to renal function decline rate and rapid decline of renal function (p < 0.05 for all). High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), carotid femoral pulse wave velocity and central augmentation index had no statistically independent association with renal function decline rate and rapid decline of renal function (p > 0.05 for all).
Homocysteine and NT-proBNP rather than hs-cTnT had independently predictive abilities to rapid decline of renal function in Chinese community-dwelling population without GFR below 60 ml/min/1.73m2. Baseline GFR was an independent factor predicting the rapid decline of renal function. Arterial stiffness and compliance had no independent effect on rapid decline of renal function. This analysis has a significant implication for public health, and further studies are warranted to establish the benefit of interventions changing the homocysteine and NT-proBNP levels on slowing the rapid decline of renal function.