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This study investigated roles of serum ST2, IL-33 and BNP in predicting major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Blood samples were collected from the included AMI patients (n = 180) who underwent PCI. All patients were divided into the MACEs and MACEs-free groups. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to measure serum levels of ST2, IL-33 and BNP. Severity of coronary artery lesion was evaluated by Gensini score. Pearson correlation analysis was used. A receiver operating characteristics curve was drawn to evaluate the potential roles of ST2, IL-33 and BNP in predicting MACEs, and Kaplan–Meier curve to analyze the 1-year overall survival rate. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to analyze the independent risk factors for MACEs.
Compared with the MACEs-free group, the serum levels of ST2, IL-33 and BNP were significantly higher in the MACEs group. Serum levels of ST2, IL-33 and BNP were positively correlated with each other and positively correlated with Gensini score. The area under curves of ST2, IL-33 and BNP, respectively, were 0.872, 0.675 and 0.902. The relative sensitivity and specificity were, respectively, 76.27% and 85.92%, 69.49% and 58.68%, as well as, 96.61% and 77.69%. Serum levels of ST2, IL-33 and BNP were independent risk factors for MACEs. The 1-year overall survival rate was higher in AMI patients with lower serum levels of ST2, IL-33 and BNP.
In conclusion, serum levels of ST2,IL-33 and BNP have potential value in predicting MACEs in AMI patients undergoing PCI.