Author + information
- Takayuki Yamaji,
- Shinsuke Mikami,
- Hiroshi Kobatake,
- Kengo Kobayashi,
- Haruki Tanaka and
- Kouichi Tanaka
Metabolic syndrome (Mets) is one of the risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Several reports have showed associations between eating speed and incidence of weight gain. Limited information, however, is available concerning the relation between eating speed and the risk of prevalence of Mets. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether eating speed and future prevalence of Mets.
We evaluated 1083 subjects (642 male subjects, 441 female subjects; mean age 51.2 years) who underwent health examination programs in 2008 and 2013, who were free of Mets in 2008. Mets was defined as the basis of criteria that was authorized by the Japanese Committee on the Criteria for Mets. We divided the participants into three eating-speed categories as follows: slow, normal and fast. Information on eating speed was obtained by a self-administered questionnaire at the baseline.
During the 5-years follow-up, 84 people were diagnosed with new onset of Mets. The incidence rates of Mets among slow, normal and fast-eating group was 2.3, 6.5 and 11.6%, respectively. Fast-eating group was significant higher incidence rate of Mets than slow-eating group (p<0.05) and normal-eating group. (p<0.05) The odds ratio for incidence of metabolic syndrome in the fast-eating group compared with the normal and slow group was 1.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21-2.98, p<0.05), 5.49 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30-23.3, p<0.05). In multivariate analysis, fast eating was an independent predictor of Mets incident. (OR,1.99, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15-3.43, p<0.05) Fast-eating was associated with a higher incidence of each metabolic syndrome component, especially new onset of waist circumference and fasting blood glucose. Weight gain and Waist circumference gain among slow, normal and fast-eating group was 0.25±12.2, 1.5±12.8, 4.0±13.5kg(p<0.05); -1.56±15.3, 0.23±16.0, 5.3±16.9cm(p<0.05), respectively.
Eating speed was associated with obesity and future prevalence of Mets. Eating slowly may therefore indicated to be a crucial lifestyle factor for preventing metabolic syndrome among the Japanese.
Poster Hall, Hall A/B
Sunday, March 11, 2018, 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m.
Session Title: The Not So Sweet Truth: Latest Insights in Insulin Resistance and Diabetes For Preventive Cardiology
Abstract Category: 32. Prevention: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1212-427
- 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation