The Pathophysiological Effects of Acute Psychosocial Stress
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) leads to a variety of physiological effects, affecting heart rate, blood pressure, and coronary vascular endothelium. The outcomes of acute stress result in myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, and increasing vulnerability of plaques.
Reproduced with permission from Rozanski et al. (9).