Author + information
- Received November 2, 2017
- Revision received February 14, 2018
- Accepted February 15, 2018
- Published online August 13, 2018.
- Edward Yu, ScDa,b,
- Vasanti S. Malik, ScDa and
- Frank B. Hu, MD, PhDa,b,c,∗ (, )@HSPHnutrition@HarvardChanSPH
- aDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
- bDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
- cChanning Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Frank B. Hu, Harvard School of Public Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, Building II 3rd Floor, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.
Reduction in excess calories and improvement in dietary composition may prevent many primary and secondary cardiovascular events. Current guidelines recommend diets high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and legumes; moderate in low-fat dairy and seafood; and low in processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, refined grains, and sodium. Supplementation can be useful for some people but cannot replace a good diet. Factors that influence individuals to consume a low-quality diet are myriad and include lack of knowledge, lack of availability, high cost, time scarcity, social and cultural norms, marketing of poor-quality foods, and palatability. Governments should focus on cardiovascular disease as a global threat and enact policies that will reach all levels of society and create a food environment wherein healthy foods are accessible, affordable, and desirable. Health professionals should be proficient in basic nutritional knowledge to promote a sustainable pattern of healthful eating for cardiovascular disease prevention for both healthy individuals and those at higher risk.
This research was supported by NIH grants HL 60712 and DK46200. Dr. Yu was supported by grant F31 DK114938. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received November 2, 2017.
- Revision received February 14, 2018.
- Accepted February 15, 2018.
- 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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