Differential Impact of Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction on Men and Women
Pooja Dewan, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S. Jhund, Li Shen, Valeria Raparelli, Mark C. Petrie, William T. Abraham, Akshay S. Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Lars Køber, Ulrik M. Mogensen, Milton Packer, Jean L. Rouleau, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile and John J.V. McMurray
Women With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction
This schematic shows that women with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (in comparison with men) are older, are more likely to have a nonischemic etiology, have worse renal function, have more congestion, and have more psychological morbidity. Even though they have better survival and have fewer hospitalizations for heart failure, they have a greater symptom burden and a lower quality of life. Tailored therapeutic approaches in women with sex-sensitive person-centered care, more frequent referral to cardiac rehabilitation programs, and more psychological support may be required to rectify these problems. KCCQ = Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire.