Author + information
- Received August 12, 2019
- Revision received October 15, 2019
- Accepted October 28, 2019
- Published online December 9, 2019.
- aState Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Arrhythmia Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
- bCardiac Rhythm and Heart Failure Division, Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland
- cDivision of Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Michael R. Gold, Medical University of South Carolina, Division of Cardiology, 30 Courtenay Drive, MSC 592, Charleston, South Carolina 29425.
• Pathological damage in cardiac conduction system leads to symptomatic bradycardia and electric dyssynchrony and is associated with an increased risk for heart failure.
• Traditional pacing modalities are nonphysiological, which may limit clinical response.
• LBBP can bypass the pathological or disease-vulnerable region in the cardiac conduction system to produce near physiological or true conduction system pacing for patients in need of ventricular pacing for bradycardia or heart failure.
Right ventricular pacing causes electric and mechanical dyssynchrony, which is associated with an increased risk for heart failure and atrial fibrillation. Cardiac resynchronization therapy with biventricular pacing reduces ventricular dyssynchrony and results in clinical benefits in subsets of patients with heart failure with QRS prolongation. Recently, His bundle pacing has increased in use as a physiological pacing modality but is limited by difficult implantation, lower success rates in patients with QRS prolongation, and high, often unstable, pacing capture threshold. Thus, the concept of pacing the conduction system distal to the His bundle to bypass the region of conduction block was proposed. Early clinical studies demonstrated the procedural feasibility of left bundle branch pacing using a transventricular septal approach that generates narrow paced QRS duration, fast synchronized left ventricular activation, and correction of left bundle branch block. The current status and future direction of left bundle branch pacing are summarized in this paper.
- cardiac resynchronization therapy
- heart failure
- His bundle pacing
- left bundle branch pacing
- ventricular pacing
Dr. Gold has received consulting fees and honoraria from Medtronic and Boston Scientific. Dr. Zhou is an employee of Medtronic. Dr. Zhang has reported that he has no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received August 12, 2019.
- Revision received October 15, 2019.
- Accepted October 28, 2019.
- 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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