Author + information
- Received November 5, 1985
- Revision received March 4, 1986
- Accepted April 8, 1986
- Published online September 1, 1986.
- Anthony Y. Fung, MD1,
- Peter Lai, MD1,
- Jack E. Juni, MD,
- Patrick D.V. Bourdillon, MD1,
- Joseph A. Walton Jr., MD1,
- Nathan Laufer, MD1,
- Andrew J. Buda, MD, FACC1,
- Bertram Pitt, MD, FACC1 and
- William W. O’Neill, MD*,1
- ↵*Address for reprints: William W. O’Neill, MD, Room F-245, Cardiology Division, University of Michigan Hospitals, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109.
To compare the efficacy of emergency percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and intracoronary streptokinase in preventing exercise-induced periinfarct ischemia, 28 patients presenting within 12 hours of the onset of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction were prospectively randomized. Of these, 14 patients were treated with emergency angioplasty and 14 patients received intracoronary streptokinase. Recatheterization and submaximal exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography were performed before hospital discharge. Periinfarct ischemia was defined as a reversible thallium defect adjacent to a fixed defect assessed qualitatively.
Successful reperfusion was achieved in 86% of patients treated with emergency angioplasty and 86% of patients treated with intracoronary streptokinase (p = NS). Residual stenosis of the infarct-related coronary artery shown at predischarge angiography was 43.8 ± 31.4% for the angioplasty group and 75.0 ± 15.6% for the streptokinase group (p < 0.05). Of the angioplasty group, 9% developed exercise-induced periinfarct ischemia compared with 60% of the streptokinase group (p < 0.05). Thus, patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with emergency angioplasty had significantly less severe residual coronary stenosis and exercise-induced periinfarct ischemia than did those treated with intracoronary streptokinase. These results suggest further application of coronary angioplasty in the management of acute myocardial infarction.
- Received November 5, 1985.
- Revision received March 4, 1986.
- Accepted April 8, 1986.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation