Author + information
- Received January 10, 1986
- Revision received May 6, 1986
- Accepted May 21, 1986
- Published online October 1, 1986.
- Markus Schwaiger, MD*,**,
- Richard Brunken, MD, FACC*,
- Maleah Grover-McKay, MD, FACC*,
- Janine Krivokapich, MD†,
- John Child, MD, FACC†,
- Jan H. Tillisch, MD†,
- Michael E. Phelps, PhD* and
- Heinrich R. Schelbert, MD, FACC*
- ↵**Address for reprints: Markus Schwaiger, MD, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Biophysics, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90024.
Positron emission tomography has been shown to distinguish between reversible and irreversible ischemic tissue injury. Using this technique, 13 patients with acute myocardial infarction were studied within 72 hours of onset of symptoms to evaluate regional blood flow and glucose metabolism with nitrogen (NI-13 ammonia and fluorine (F)-18 deoxyglucose, respectively. Serial noninvasive assessment of wall motion was performed to determine the prognostic value of metabolic indexes for functional tissue recovery. Segmental blood flow and glucose utilization were evaluated using a circumferential profile technique and compared with previously established semiquantitative criteria.
Relative N-13 ammonia uptake was depressed in 32 left ventricular segments. Sixteen segments demonstrated a concordant decrease in flow and glucose metabolism. Regional function did not change over time in these segments. In contrast, 16 other segments with reduced blood flow revealed maintained F-18 deoxyglucose uptake consistent with remaining viable tissue. The average wall motion score improved significantly in these segments (p < 0.01), yet the degree of recovery varied considerably among patients. Coronary anatomy was defined in 9 of 13 patients: patent infarct vessels supplied 8 of 10 segments with F-18 deoxyglucose uptake, while 10 of 13 segments in the territory of an occluded vessel showed concordant decreases in flow and metabolism (p < 0.01).
Thus, positron emission tomography reveals a high incidence of residual tissue viability in ventricular segments with reduced flow and impaired function during the subacute phase of myocardial infarction. Absence of residual tissue metabolism is associated with irreversible injury, while preservation of metabolic activity identifies segments with a variable outcome. Positron emission tomography may allow early identification of viable but jeopardized tissue and provide guidelines for aggressive therapy to salvage endangered myocardium.
- Received January 10, 1986.
- Revision received May 6, 1986.
- Accepted May 21, 1986.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation