Author + information
- Received February 28, 1986
- Revision received May 12, 1986
- Accepted July 7, 1986
- Published online December 1, 1986.
- Arthur J. Labovitz, MD, FACC*,1,
- Robert P. Ferrara, MD1,
- Morton J. Kern, MD, FACC1,
- Robert J. Bryg, MD1,
- Denise G. Mrosek1 and
- George A. Williams, MD, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Arthur J. Labovitz, MD, FACC, Division of Cardiology, St. Louis University Medical Center, 1325 South Grand, St. Louis, Missouri 63104.
To assess the usefulness of continuous wave Doppler echocardiography in the evaluation of aortic insufficiency, the aortic regurgitant flow velocity pattern obtained with continuous wave Doppler examination was compared with the results of aortography and conventional pulsed Doppler techniques in 25 individuals with aortic insufficiency. The diastolic deceleration slope as measured from the continuous wave tracing was significantly different among subgroups of patients with mild (1.6 ± 0.5 m/s2), moderate (2.7 ± 0.5 m/s2) and severe (4.7 ±1.5 m/s2) aortic insufficiency as determined from aortography. Deceleration slopes greater than 2 m/s2separated individuals with moderate and severe insufficiency from those with mild insufficiency.
Similar findings were seen when comparing the pressure half-time method of diastolic velocity decay with the more severe grades of aortic insufficiency exhibiting the shortest pressure half-times. There was also a high correlation (r = 0.85) between the deceleration slope measured by continuous wave Doppler recordings and the grade of insufficiency as assessed by pulsed Doppler echocardiography. End-diastolic velocities correlated poorly (r = 0.28) with catheter-measured end-diastolic pressure difference between the aorta and the left ventricle.
These findings demonstrate that the aortic regurgitant flow pattern by continuous wave Doppler echocardiography may be useful in quantitating the degree of aortic insufficiency by assessing the rate with which aortic and left ventricular pressures equilibrate during diastole.
- Received February 28, 1986.
- Revision received May 12, 1986.
- Accepted July 7, 1986.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation