Author + information
- Received June 25, 1986
- Revision received August 20, 1986
- Accepted September 5, 1986
- Published online February 1, 1987.
- John G. Harold, MD, FACC1,
- Timothy M. Bateman, MD, FACC*,1,
- Lawrence S.C. Czer, MD, FACC1,
- Aurelio Chaux, MD, FACC1,
- Jack M. Matloff, MD, FACC1 and
- Richard J. Gray, MD, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Timothy M. Bateman, MD, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Room 6215, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90048.
Between 1969 and 1983, 608 patients underwent mitral valve replacement surgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Perioperative rupture of the left ventricular myocardium complicated seven operations (1.2%), five of them in the 247 patients with concomitant ischemic heart disease. Six ruptures were fatal. Relative incidences of seven previously hypothesized predisposing factors were determined for patients with and without myocardial rupture. In addition, because of the apparent frequency of association with ischemic heart disease and because all ruptures were posterior or posterolateral, patients were also categorized by prior history of posterior myocardial infarction: 177 patients had none, whereas 49 patients had a remote and 21 patients a recent (≤1 month) posterior wall infarct. Four ruptures (accounting for 57% of all ruptures) occurred in the 21 patients (19% incidence) with a recent posterior infarct, compared with only three ruptures in the 587 patients (0.5%) without a recent posterior wall infarct (p = 0.000).
None of the factors of age, sex, valve pathology, etiology of valve lesion, concomitant coronary disease, valve substitute or intraoperative myocardial preservation were associated with perioperative rupture. These data establish a low overall incidence of ventricular rupture after mitral valve replacement, high fatality and possible etiologic association with recent posterior wall infarction.
- Received June 25, 1986.
- Revision received August 20, 1986.
- Accepted September 5, 1986.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation