Author + information
- Received April 7, 1986
- Revision received June 23, 1986
- Accepted July 18, 1986
- Published online February 1, 1987.
- Tim A. Fischell, MD1,
- Edward B. Stinson, MD, FACC1,
- Geraldine C. Derby, RN1 and
- Charles D. Swerdlow, MD, FACC*,1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Charles Swerdlow, MD, Cardiac Arrhythmia Study Unit, Cardiology Division, CVRC 289, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305.
The long-term efficacy of surgical correction of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was evaluated in 45 consecutive patients. Before surgery, 42 patients had reciprocating tachycardia and 12 had atrial fibrillation. The principal operative procedure was endocardial incision in 42 patients, endocardial cryoablation in 2 patients and epicardial cryoablation without dissection of the atrioventricular (AV) fat pad in 1 patient.
Two patients had perioperative complications. One patient had bleeding that necessitated reoperation, and one had a right cerebral stroke with subsequent clearing of neurologic deficit. At postoperative electrophysiologic study, only the patient who underwent epicardial cryoablation had conduction over an accessory connection. Two others had intermittent delta waves in the early postoperative period but no accessory connection conduction at electrophysiologic study.
During a mean follow-up of 3.1 years, the patient with ineffective cryoablation had recurrent orthodromic tachycardia, and one other patient had late recurrence of delta waves without arrhythmias. Four other patients had frequent palpitation, which was caused by premature ventricular complexes in three and sinus tachycardia in one. Seventeen patients had occasional “skipped beats” without recurrence of tachyarrhythmias. Twelve of 13 patients whose arrhythmias limited employment before surgery returned to work after surgery. By actuarial analysis at 1, 2 and 3 years, all patients were alive and 98% were free from tachyarrhythmias.
Surgical correction of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome provides excellent long-term results with low morbidity. Patients who are disabled by arrhythmias return to work after successful surgery. Delta waves may persist or recur without return of arrhythmias. Minor postoperative episodes of palpitation are common and do not correlate with tachyarrhythmias.
- Received April 7, 1986.
- Revision received June 23, 1986.
- Accepted July 18, 1986.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation