Table 4

Potential Predisposing Factors

Patients (N = 327)
FMD205 (62.7)
Systemic inflammatory condition39 (11.9)
Connective tissue disorder16 (4.9)
On hormonal therapy38 (11.6)
Postpartum7 (2.4)
Multiparous (≥4 births)25 (8.8)
Grand multiparity (≥5 births)7 (2.4)
Grand multigravida (≥5 pregnancies)39 (11.9)
Idiopathic91 (27.8)

Values are n (%).

FMD = fibromuscular dysplasia.

  • n = 297.