Timothy A. DewhurstOfficial Reviewer—Board of GovernorsKaiser Permanente, Washington—Seattle Cardiology Operations Chief
Joseph E. MarineOfficial Reviewer—ACC Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus Decision PathwaysJohns Hopkins University School of Medicine—Associate Professor of Medicine
Linda A. BriggsOrganizational Reviewer—AANPThe George Washington University School of Nursing—Assistant Professor
Mark A. CrowtherOrganizational Reviewer—Anticoagulation ForumMcMaster University—Chair of Department of Medicine
Eileen Mary HandbergOrganizational Reviewer—ACC and PCNAUniversity of Florida—Research Professor of Medicine; Director, Clinical Trials Program; Florida CARES & CAP—Program Director
Jeffrey KlineOrganizational Reviewer—SAEMIndiana University School of Medicine—Vice Chair of Research, Department of Emergency Medicine; Professor, Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology
Geno J. MerliOrganizational Reviewer—ACPThomas Jefferson University Hospital—Professor; Co-Director, Jefferson Vascular Center
Edith A. NutescuOrganizational Reviewer—ACCPThe University of Illinois at Chicago—Associate Professor; Director, Center for Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomic Research, College of Pharmacy; University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System—Co-Director, Personalized Medicine Program
Andrea M. RussoOrganizational Reviewer—HRSCooper Medical School of Rowan University—Professor of Medicine; Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia Services; Director; CCEP Fellowship
Kim K. BirtcherContent Reviewer—IndividualUniversity of Houston College of Pharmacy—Clinical Professor
Michael S. FirstenbergContent Reviewer—Surgeons' Section Leadership CouncilNortheast Ohio Medical Universities—Associate Professor of Surgery and Integrative Medicine; Summa Akron City Hospital—Cardiothoracic Surgeon
Ty J. GluckmanContent Reviewer—ACC Roundtable ParticipantProvidence Heart and Vascular Institute—Medical Director
Bulent GorenekContent Reviewer—EP Section Leadership CouncilEskisehir Osmangazi University—Professor, Cardiology Department; Vice Director
Christopher B. GrangerContent Reviewer—ACC Roundtable ParticipantDuke Clinical Research Institute—Professor of Medicine; Director, Cardiac Care Unit
Kousik KrishnanContent Reviewer—EP Section Leadership CouncilRush University Medical Center—Associate Professor of Medicine & Pediatrics; Director, Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship Program; Director, Arrhythmia Device Clinic; Associate Director, Electrophysiology Lab
Pamela B. MorrisContent Reviewer—Task Force on Expert Consensus Decision PathwaysMedical University of South Carolina—Director, Seinsheimer Cardiovascular Health Program; Co-Director, Women's Heart Care
Win-Kuang ShenContent Reviewer—IndividualMayo Clinic Arizona–Phoenix Campus—Professor of Medicine; Consultant
Sarah A. SpinlerContent Reviewer—ACC Roundtable ParticipantUniversity of the Sciences Philadelphia College of Pharmacy—Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
Karol E. WatsonContent Reviewer—Task Force on Expert Consensus Decision PathwaysUCLA Medical School—Co-Director, UCLA Program in Preventive Cardiology

This table represents the relationships of reviewers with industry and other entities that were disclosed at the time of peer review and determined to be relevant to this document. It does not necessarily reflect relationships with industry at the time of publication. A person is deemed to have a significant interest in a business if the interest represents ownership of ≥5% of the voting stock or share of the business entity, or ownership of ≥$5,000 of the fair market value of the business entity; or if funds received by the person from the business entity exceed 5% of the person’s gross income for the previous year. A relationship is considered to be modest if it is less than significant under the preceding definition. Relationships that exist with no financial benefit are also included for the purpose of transparency. Relationships in this table are modest unless otherwise noted. Names are listed in alphabetical order within each category of review.

According to the ACC, a person has a relevant relationship IF: a) the relationship or interest relates to the same or similar subject matter, intellectual property or asset, topic, or issue addressed in the document; or b) the company/entity (with whom the relationship exists) makes a drug, drug class, or device addressed in the document, or makes a competing drug or device addressed in the document; or c) the person or a member of the person’s household, has a reasonable potential for financial, professional or other personal gain or loss as a result of the issues/content addressed in the document.

AANP = American Association of Nurse Practitioners; ACC = American College of Cardiology; ACCP = American College of Clinical Pharmacy; ACP = American College of Physicians; CCEP = Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology; EP = Electrophysiology; HRS = Heart Rhythm Society; NIH = National Institutes of Health; PCNA = Preventative Cardiovascular Nurses Association; SAEM = Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; UCLA = University of Southern California at Los Angeles.