Table 1

Summary of the Application Process With Comparison of Advantages and Disadvantages of Traditional Training Model Versus the Pilot

Traditional Training PathwayPilot
Cardiology fellowship match processNational Residency Match ProgramSelection of suitable candidates from internal medicine residency program in the same institution by cardiology fellowship program director.
ApplicationElectronic Residency Application Service submission required in beginning of third year of medicine residency.Personal statement and letters of recommendation e-mailed to cardiology fellowship program director in the middle of the second year of internal medicine residency followed by interview.
  • Opportunity to evaluate and consider other cardiology fellowship programs for training.

  • Time-tested training model.

  • Saving time, money, and stress by staying at the same institution.

  • Cardiology-focused blended year training in third year of residency.

  • Smooth residency-fellowship transition.

  • Additional 4 months of electives available in third year of cardiology fellowship to utilize in areas of interest.

  • Potential for shorter training duration in future.

DisadvantageTime, stress, and cost of interviewing at different programs.
  • Silo effect by completing 6 yrs of training at the same institution.

  • Accelerated application timeline.