Table 1

The 10 Most Common Comorbidities for 4 Index Cardiovascular Conditions: 2012 Data for Medicare Beneficiaries ≥65 Years of Age (13)

ComorbidityIschemic Heart Disease
(N = 8,678,060)
HF
(N = 4,366,489)
AF
(N = 2,556,839)
Stroke
(N = 1,145,719)
Hypertension1 (81.3)1 (85.6)1 (84.5)1 (89.0)
Hyperlipidemia2 (69.1)3 (62.6)2 (64.4)2 (69.9)
Diabetes mellitus3 (41.7)5 (47.1)7 (37.1)6 (41.5)
Arthritis4 (40.6)6 (45.6)6 (41.7)5 (44.2)
Anemia5 (38.7)4 (51.2)5 (43.0)4 (46.8)
HF6 (36.3)Index4 (50.9)7 (37.2)
Ischemic heart diseaseIndex2 (72.1)3 (63.5)3 (58.1)
Chronic kidney disease7 (30.2)7 (44.8)8 (34.4)8 (35.2)
Cataract8 (21.6)10 (22.6)
COPD9 (21.0)8 (30.9)9 (23.8)
AF10 (18.7)9 (28.8)Index
Alzheimer’s disease/dementia10 (26.3)9 (33.8)
Depression10 (29.7)
StrokeIndex

AF indicates atrial fibrillation; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and HF, heart failure.

  • Data shown as rank and percentage of persons with index condition who also had a comorbidity. The percentage is included parenthetically when applicable.

  • Comorbidity was not in the top 10 for this index condition (13).