Table 1

Patient Characteristics by Sex and Country

OverallUnited StatesSpain
Women
(n = 2,349)
Men
(n = 1,152)
p ValueWomen
(n = 2,009)
Men
(n = 976)
p ValueWomen
(n = 340)
Men
(n = 176)
p Value
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age, yrs48 (44–52)48 (43–52)0.26648 (44–52)48 (44–52)0.28647 (42–51)47.5 (42–51)0.774
 Race<0.001<0.0010.663
  White75.983.572.981.693.894.3
  Black18.69.821.311.02.73.4
  Other5.56.75.87.53.52.3
 Hispanic7.68.00.6607.78.40.4777.15.70.555
 Married/cohabitating55.364.2<0.00152.662.3<0.00171.274.90.386
 Completed education0.0100.0040.457
  < High school21.817.915.911.959.254.4
  High school graduate25.028.427.331.510.49.5
  > High school53.253.756.856.630.436.1
 Working full- or part-time56.473.4<0.00156.372.0<0.00156.981.1<0.001
Health care access
 No health insurance18.721.40.06321.624.90.0421.51.20.774
 Currently has a primary care clinician74.566.1<0.00174.966.7<0.00171.762.60.036
 Usual place for care: none/ED7.612.8<0.0018.213.4<0.0013.79.40.009
 Previously seen by heart specialist32.732.20.77634.734.30.82720.820.50.924
Medical history
 Prior MI14.816.90.10516.318.90.0865.96.30.868
 Prior PCI or CABG14.618.00.01016.420.40.0083.84.50.694
 Angina27.526.10.37327.426.20.49028.325.60.507
 Congestive heart failure5.02.1<0.0015.82.5<0.0010.30.01.000
 Family history of CAD76.073.50.12077.676.70.55966.456.50.031
 Chronic kidney disease11.67.80.00112.78.60.0015.03.40.406
 COPD12.65.5<0.00114.26.4<0.0013.20.60.067
Clinical characteristics at presentation
 Final diagnosis: STEMI47.959.5<0.00145.957.7<0.00160.069.30.038
 Ejection fraction <40%10.611.20.59310.911.60.5899.09.30.906

Values are median (interquartile range) or %.

CABG = coronary artery bypass graft; CAD = coronary artery disease; COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ED = emergency department; MI = myocardial infarction; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; STEMI = ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.