Table 1

Baseline Clinical Characteristics After PS Matching

SAVR
(n = 650)
TAVR
(n = 650)
p Value
Age, yrs80.3 ± 5.180.5 ± 6.20.323
Female387 (59.5)383 (58.9)0.822
Smoking history71 (11.5)62 (10.1)0.417
BMI, kg/m226.9 ± 4.526.5 ± 4.80.095
Diabetes mellitus165 (25.4)161 (24.8)0.798
Creatinine, mg/dl1.2 ± 0.81.2 ± 0.70.823
Long-term dialysis treatment3 (0.5)9 (1.4)0.083
Albumin, mg/dl3.7 ± 0.93.5 ± 0.80.006
Hemoglobin, mg/dl12.3 ± 1.611.7 ± 1.7<0.001
Previous AMI75 (11.5)72 (11.1)0.795
Unstable angina18 (2.8)21 (3.2)0.622
COPD141 (21.7)154 (22.3)0.790
Oxygen dependency11 (1.7)36 (5.6)0.001
Neurologic dysfunction37 (5.7)38 (5.8)0.904
Chronic liver disease23 (3.5)19 (2.9)0.527
Active neoplastic disease16 (2.5)17 (2.6)0.853
Peripheral arteriopathy126 (19.4)124 (19.1)0.886
Pulmonary hypertension88 (14.6)88 (14.6)1.000
Previous cardiac surgery65 (10.0)62 (9.5)0.778
Previous vascular surgery18 (2.8)22 (3.4)0.527
Frailty score, moderate–severe88 (13.5)85 (13.1)0.801
Previous PCI85 (13.1)94 (14.5)0.455
Previous BAV15 (2.3)24 (3.7)0.128
Critical preoperative state24 (3.7)17 (2.6)0.274
NYHA functional class III318 (48.9)324 (49.8)0.790
NYHA functional class IV70 (10.8)61 (9.4)
Logistic EuroSCORE 1, %10.2 ± 9.29.5 ± 7.10.104
Logistic EuroSCORE 2, %5.1 ± 6.24.9 ± 5.10.485

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).

AMI = acute myocardial infarction; BAV = balloon aortic valvuloplasty; BMI = body mass index; COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NYHA = New York Heart Association; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; PS = propensity score; SAVR = surgical aortic valve replacement; TAVR = transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

  • Any previous neurological event (cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack).

  • Child-Pugh classes B and C.