Table 1

Baseline Patient Characteristics

TAVR Group
(n = 391)
SAVR Group
(n = 359)
p Value
Age, yrs83.2 ± 7.183.3 ± 6.40.82
Male207/391 (52.9)188/359 (52.4)0.88
STS Score, %7.3 ± 3.07.5 ± 3.30.34
Logistic EuroSCORE, %17.7 ± 13.018.8 ± 13.20.24
Diabetes mellitus136/391 (34.8)162/359 (45.1)0.004
 Controlled by insulin43/391 (11.0)47/359 (13.1)0.38
History of hypertension372/391 (95.1)345/359 (96.1)0.52
Peripheral vascular disease159/388 (41.0)150/357 (42.0)0.77
Prior stroke49/391 (12.5)50/358 (14.0)0.56
Prior TIA50/391 (12.8)48/358 (13.4)0.80
Coronary artery disease295/391 (75.4)273/359 (76.0)0.85
Prior CABG115/391 (29.4)113/359 (31.5)0.54
Prior PCI134/391 (34.3)135/359 (37.6)0.34
Pre-existing pacemaker91/391 (23.3)76/359 (21.2)0.49
Congestive heart failure373/391 (95.4)347/359 (96.7)0.38
Prior atrial fibrillation/flutter160/390 (41.0)165/359 (46.0)0.17

Values are mean ± SD or n/N (%). Adapted with permission from Reardon et al. (4).

CABG = coronary artery bypass grafting; EuroSCORE = Logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; NYHA = New York Heart Association; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; SAVR = surgical aortic valve replacement; STS = Society of Thoracic Surgeons; TAVR = transcatheter aortic valve replacement; TIA = transient ischemic attack.