Table 1

Baseline Characteristics

Involvement in Procedures With Radiation Exposure
(n = 1, 042)
Control Group
(n = 499)
p Value
Age, yrs42.7 ± 11.343.5 ± 11.30.20
Male370 (36)133 (27)<0.001
Body mass index, kg/m226.2 ± 4.825.8 ± 5.30.18
Pre-existing musculoskeletal condition99 (10)36 (7)0.45
Department<0.001
 Cardiology268 (26)283 (57)
 Radiology774 (74)216 (43)
Years in current profession0.81
 0–5224 (22)106 (21)
 6–10212 (21)107 (22)
 11–15161 (16)84 (17)
 16–20119 (12)61 (12)
 20+314 (30)137 (28)
Position<0.001
 Physician160 (15)45 (9)
 Residents/fellows68 (7)5 (1)
 Registered nurse207 (20)76 (15)
 Technician/technologist548 (53)288 (58)
 Other59 (6)85 (17)

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).

  • Sixteen respondents did not answer this question and are not included in denominators for percentage calculations.