Table 5

Mortality and Post-Operative Outcomes for Matched Controls and Minor Congenital Heart Disease Patients

Controls
(n = 2,805)
Minor CHD (n = 2,805)
PatientsPatientsOdds Ratio (95% CI)p ValueRisk Difference (95% CI)
30-day mortality23 (0.8)30 (1.1)1.31 (0.76 to 2.26)0.340.003 (−0.003 to 0.008)
Overall mortality28 (1.0)43 (1.5)1.54 (0.96 to 2.49)0.080.005 (−0.001 to 0.011)
Cardiac arrest6 (0.2)14 (0.5)2.34 (0.90 to 6.10)0.080.003 (−0.001 to 0.006)
Reintubation53 (1.9)73 (2.6)1.38 (0.97 to 1.98)0.070.007 (−0.001 to 0.015)
Infection106 (3.8)150 (5.3)1.44 (1.12 to 1.86)0.0060.016 (0.005 to 0.027)
Renal failure7 (0.2)4 (0.1)0.57 (0.17 to 1.95)0.37−0.001 (−0.003 to 0.001)
Neurological failure21 (0.8)13 (0.5)0.62 (0.31 to 1.24)0.17−0.003 (−0.007 to 0.001)
Thromboembolic complications3 (0.1)3 (0.1)1.00 (0.20 to 4.96)1.000.000 (−0.002 to 0.002)
30-day reoperation144 (5.1)167 (5.9)1.17 (0.93 to 1.47)0.180.008 (−0.004 to 0.020)
30-day readmission208 (7.4)230 (8.2)1.12 (0.92 to 1.36)0.270.008 (−0.006 to 0.022)

Values are n (%) unless otherwise indicated.

Abbreviations as in Table 3.

  • Includes respiratory, urinary tract, and surgical site infections.