Table 2

Baseline Characteristics for the 1,098 Joggers and 413 Sedentary Nonjoggers in the Copenhagen City Heart Study

Sedentary NonjoggersJoggers: Quantity of Jogging (h/week)Joggers: Frequency of Jogging (times/week)Joggers: Jogging PaceJoggers: Combination of Quantity/Frequency/Pace
(n = 413)≤1
(n = 640)
1–2.4
(n = 286)
2.5–4
(n = 122)
>4
(n = 50)
p Value≤1
(n = 323)
2–3
(n = 474)
>3
(n = 84)
p ValueSlow
(n = 178)
Average
(n = 704)
Fast
(n = 201)
p ValueLight
(n = 576)
Moderate
(n = 262)
Strenuous
(n = 40)
p Value
Age, yrs61.3 ± 16.244.2 ± 13.940.5 ± 13.640.2 ± 13.038.8 ± 13.1<0.00141.3 ± 13.341.2 ± 13.345.7 ± 15.20.0245.1 ± 14.942.9 ± 13.438.4 ± 12.9<0.00142.3 ± 13.640.9 ± 13.237.0 ± 13.90.03
Men178 (43.1)331 (51.7)150 (52.4)76 (62.3)36 (72.0)0.009189 (58.5)251 (53.0)51 (60.7)0.1958 (32.6)375 (53.3)153 (76.1)<0.001283 (49.1)176 (67.2)32 (80.0)<0.001
Smoking0.240.090.020.06
 Never105 (26.0)294 (46.6)136 (48.1)52 (45.2)24 (51.1)157 (49.5)221 (47.6)38 (47.5)75 (42.4)314 (45.3)112 (58.3)267 (46.8)123 (48.8)24 (66.7)
 Former106 (26.2)171 (27.1)85 (30.0)42 (36.5)10 (21.3)85 (26.8)135 (29.1)29 (36.3)50 (28.2)202 (29.1)50 (26.0)159 (27.8)83 (32.9)6 (16.7)
 1–14 g/day of tobacco53 (13.1)92 (14.6)38 (13.4)10 (8.7)10 (21.3)34 (10.7)70 (15.1)6 (7.5)30 (16.9)101 (14.6)18 (9.4)82 (14.4)24 (9.5)5 (13.9)
 ≥15 g/day of tobacco140 (34.7)74 (11.7)24 (8.5)11 (9.6)3 (6.4)41 (12.9)38 (8.2)7 (8.8)22 (12.4)76 (11.0)12 (6.2)63 (11.0)22 (8.7)1 (2.8)
Years of education0.020.0060.100.53
 <8133 (32.6)26 (4.1)8 (2.8)1 (0.8)2 (4.0)11 (3.4)10 (2.1)9 (10.7)5 (2.8)23 (3.3)6 (3.0)19 (3.3)8 (3.1)2 (5.0)
 8–10144 (35.3)147 (23.0)43 (15.0)27 (22.1)6 (12.0)64 (19.8)88 (18.6)19 (22.6)44 (24.7)147 (20.9)28 (13.9)116 (20.1)52 (19.8)4 (10.0)
 >10131 (32.1)467 (73.0)235 (82.2)94 (77.0)42 (84.0)248 (76.8)376 (79.3)56 (66.7)129 (72.5)534 (75.9)167 (83.1)441 (76.6)202 (77.1)34 (85.0)
Alcohol consumption0.590.080.0030.81
 Never125 (30.5)105 (16.4)38 (13.3)16 (13.1)10 (20.0)40 (12.4)67 (14.1)19 (22.6)42 (23.7)104 (14.8)19 (9.5)79 (13.7)42 (16.0)4 (10.0)
 1–14/1–21 drinks/week223 (54.4)434 (67.9)203 (71.0)91 (74.6)31 (62.0)229 (70.9)346 (73.0)51 (60.7)107 (60.5)491 (69.7)153 (76.1)414 (71.9)182 (69.5)29 (72.5)
 >14/>21 drinks/week62 (15.1)100 (15.6)45 (15.7)15 (12.3)9 (18.0)54 (16.7)61 (12.9)14 (16.7)28 (15.8)109 (15.5)29 (14.4)83 (14.4)38 (14.5)7 (17.5)
Body mass index, kg/m227.5 ± 5.524.3 ± 3.323.7 ± 2.924.3 ± 2.924.3 ± 3.00.0524.1 ± 3.224.0 ± 3.124.0 ± 2.80.8524.8 ± 3.724.2 ± 3.223.5 ± 2.3<0.00124.1 ± 3.224.1 ± 2.923.2 ± 1.70.22
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg139.2 ± 22.8124.8 ± 17.5124.7 ± 18.4124.4 ± 14.6127.3 ± 17.00.78124.4 ± 16.6124.3 ± 17.7127.4 ± 18.60.33125.0 ± 21.0124.5 ± 17.1125.6 ± 14.90.75123.8 ± 17.9126.7 ± 16.4123.3 ± 14.50.07
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg78.9 ± 12.375.5 ± 10.974.6 ± 11.875.1 ± 9.979.3 ± 12.70.0675.3 ± 11.174.9 ± 11.476.6 ± 11.40.4475.3 ± 11.775.5 ± 11.374.8 ± 10.00.7674.8 ± 11.676.2 ± 10.574.7 ± 11.10.26
Use of blood pressure medication80 (19.6)17 (2.7)10 (3.5)4 (3.3)3 (6.0)0.469 (2.8)14 (3.0)4 (4.8)0.599 (5.1)21 (3.0)2 (1.0)0.0516 (2.8)9 (3.5)0 (0.0)0.66
Diabetes mellitus32 (7.8)12 (1.9)4 (1.4)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0.526 (1.9)9 (1.9)1 (1.2)>0.992 (1.1)13 (1.8)1 (0.5)0.4314 (2.4)2 (0.8)0 (0.0)0.27

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).