Table 1

Baseline Clinical Characteristics

DK Group (n = 210)Culotte Group (n = 209)p Value
Male162 (77.1)167 (79.9)0.552
Age, yrs64.3 ± 10.363.3 ± 9.20.296
Body mass index, kg/m224.63 ± 3.4624.83 ± 3.200.314
Hypertension148 (70.5)128 (61.2)0.055
Hyperlipidemia87 (41.4)88 (42.1)0.921
 Cholesterol, mmol/l4.37 ± 1.054.36 ± 1.030.666
 LDL, mmol/l2.70 ± 0.822.69 ± 0.940.776
Diabetes67 (31.9)63 (30.1)0.298
 Fasting glucose, mmol/l6.37 ± 3.356.31 ± 3.660.506
Smoking0.914
 Current smoking58 (27.6)54 (25.8)
 Quit smoking37 (17.6)37 (17.7)
>2-week acute MI18 (8.6)12 (5.7)0.344
Previous MI32 (15.2)29 (13.9)0.258
Unstable angina165 (78.6)174 (83.3)0.263
Stable angina21 (10.0)20 (9.6)1.000
Silent ischemia6 (2.9)3 (1.4)0.503
Previous PCI47 (22.4)31 (14.8)0.059
LVEF, %58.7 ± 11.358.8 ± 10.60.296
 <40%18 (8.6)9 (4.3)0.110
eGFR, ml/min/1.73 m284.97 ± 21.8983.39 ± 22.090.463
  <40 ml/min0 (0)6 (2.9)
  40-59 ml/min28 (13.3)21 (10.0)

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).

DK = double kissing; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; LVEF = left ventricular eject fraction; MI = myocardial infarction; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention.