Table 4a

Minimum Frequency of CIED In-Person or Remote Monitoring

Type and FrequencyMethod
Pacemaker/ICD/CRT
 Within 72 h of CIED implantationIn person
 2–12 wk postimplantationIn person
 Every 3–12 mo for pacemaker/CRT-PacemakerIn person or remote
 Every 3–6 mo for ICD/CRT-DIn person or remote
 Annually until battery depletionIn person
 Every 1–3 mo at signs of battery depletionIn person or remote
Implantable loop recorder
 Every 1–6 mo depending on patient symptoms and indicationIn person or remote
Implantable hemodynamic monitor
 Every 1–6 mo depending on indicationIn person or remote
 More frequent assessment as clinically indicatedIn person or remote

Modified from Wilkoff et al (541).

CIED indicates cardiovascular implantable electronic device; CRT, cardiac resynchronization therapy; CRT-D, cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator; CRT-Pacemaker, cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker; and ICD, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

  • More frequent in-person or remote monitoring may be required for all the above devices as clinically indicated.