Table 13

Selected Risk Factors for Bleeding in Patients With ACS

Advanced age (>75 y)
Female sex
HF or shock
Diabetes mellitus
Body size
History of GI bleeding
Presentation with STEMI or NSTEMI (vs UA)
Severe renal dysfunction (CrCl <30 mL/min)
Elevated white blood cell count
Anemia
Use of fibrinolytic therapy
Invasive strategy
Inappropriate dosing of antithrombotic medications
Chronic oral anticoagulant therapy

ACS indicates acute coronary syndrome; CrCl, creatinine clearance; GI, gastrointestinal; HF, heart failure; NSTEMI, non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction; STEMI, ST-elevation myocardial infarction; and UA, unstable angina (553,554,543,547).