Table 4

Vascular and Hemorrhagic Complications in the Study Cohort

IABP (n = 211)no IABP (n = 226)p Value
Any hemorrhagic complication (%)36.027.40.05
 Access site hemorrhage (%)20.913.30.03
 Retroperitoneal hemorrhage (%)1.00.91.0
 Gastrointestinal hemorrhage (%)6.65.30.56
 Genitourinary tract hemorrhage (%)3.86.60.18
 Cerebrovascular hemorrhage (%)1.000.23
 Postoperative hemorrhage (%)7.64.90.24
 Undetermined source (%)6.27.60.56
 Other (%)2.43.50.64
Fall in hct (from admission to nadir) (%)10.7 ± 6.410.2 ± 7.10.30
Any blood transfusion (%)19.917.70.56
 From access site or retroperitoneal bleed (%)4.72.60.18
Loss of peripheral pulse (%)00.90.50
Pseudoaneurysm or arteriovenous fistula (%)1.41.31.0
Deep venous thrombosis (%)01.30.25
Sepsis (%)0.90.91.0
Vascular surgical repair (%)0.50.41.0

Data presented are mean value ± SD or percent of patients. hct = hematocrit; IABP = intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation.