Table 2

Metabolic and Clinical Variables on Study Entry and After Six Months in Training and Control Groupslegend

Exercise GroupControl Groupp
Study Entry6 MonthsStudy Entry6 Months
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test
 Heart rate, rest, beats/min70 ± 1265.4 ± 1568 ± 1866 ± 210.38
 Heart rate, peak, beats/min135 ± 28141 ± 27138 ± 25139 ± 290.32
 Systolic blood pressure, rest, mm Hg128 ± 29122 ± 31125 ± 19131 ± 210.01
 Systolic blood pressure, peak, mm Hg181 ± 21196 ± 28188 ± 23180 ± 25< 0.001
 Peak oxygen uptake, mL/Kg/min18.6 ± 4.623.7 ± 7.920.5 ± 4.419.4 ± 4.2< 0.001
 Peak oxygen uptake, mL/min1,526 ± 4491,910 ± 4811,492 ± 4361,498 ± 468< 0.001
 Peak carbon dioxide output, mL/min1,770 ± 4632,255 ± 4411,715 ± 3981,723 ± 421< 0.001
 Ventilatory threshold, mL/Kg/min10.3 ± 4.213.1 ± 4.510.8 ± 3.89.9 ± 4.4< 0.001
 Ventilation, L/min58.5 ± 1774.2 ± 2062 ± 2158.4 ± 24< 0.001
 O2pulse75 watts8.7 ± 3.210.4 ± 2.87.9 ± 3.57.4 ± 3.7< 0.001
 Respiratory exchange ratio1.16 ± 0.41.18 ± 0.41.15 ± 0.51.15 ± 0.60.82
Coronary Risk Factors
 Cigarette smokers, n (%)40 (68)5 (8.5)37 (62)16 (27)0.005
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL235 ± 33212 ± 31225 ± 41255 ± 45< 0.001
 LDL-cholesterol, mg/dL148 ± 41131 ± 42138 ± 38148 ± 41< 0.001
 HDL-cholesterol, mg/dL34 ± 1939.2 ± 1636 ± 2532 ± 280.02
 Triglycerides, mg/dL178 ± 55155 ± 41181 ± 62189 ± 580.02
 Body mass index2.43 ± 0.82.22 ± 0.82.39 ± 0.92.4 ± 0.80.14
  • p values refer to change in value between treated and control patients by Mann-Whitney rank sum test.

  • legend HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low-density lipoprotein.