Table 2

Echocardiographic and Cardiopulmonary Gas Exchange Characteristic in Elite Athletes With Left Ventricular Hypertrophylegend

Athlete (n)Age (yrs)SportLVWT (mm)LVEDD (mm)pVO2 (ml/kg/min)pVO2 (% predicted)AT (% VO2 max)O2P (ml/bt)O2P (% predicted)HR max (beats/min)
118Tennis1355661486526150190
226Soccer1354671586129161189
324Squash1555641596327160183
421Rowing1460641606128165187
523Rowing1362681686027165199
624Soccer1354591466121143181
727Cycling1362721606032176179
831Cycling1356711696031172183
  • legend AT = anaerobic threshold; HR max = maximal heart rate; LVEDD = left ventricular end-diastolic dimension; LVWT = left ventricular wall thickness; O2P = oxygen pulse; pVO2 = peak oxygen consumption; VO2 max = maximal oxygen consumption.