Table 3

Gender Distribution and Women Versus Men Odds Ratios of Presenting With Selected Baseline Conditions Over Time

Condition1991–19921993–19941995–19961997–19981999–20002001–20022003–2004p Value
Women (%)20.7820.2820.9120.5719.1718.5718.49<0.001
Odds Ratios of Selected Conditions (Women vs. Men)
Age ≥75 yrs1.44 (1.12–1.85)1.89 (1.50–2.38)1.84 (1.50–2.26)1.55 (1.27–1.88)1.71 (1.41–2.07)1.56 (1.28–1.90)1.96 (1.63–2.35)0.39
Body surface area <1.75 m210.23 (8.10–12.91)12.14 (9.65–15.26)13.82 (11.15–17.13)9.74 (7.98–11.89)10.15 (8.32–12.38)9.6 (7.83–11.77)9.14 (7.56–11.06)0.03
Emergency1.28 (0.84–1.95)1.44 (0.99–2.09)1.32 (0.90–1.94)1.8 (1.25–2.58)1.4 (0.88–2.23)1.08 (0.67–1.74)1.33 (0.88–2.02)0.77
3-vessel disease0.73 (0.59–0.89)0.91 (0.73–1.15)0.82 (0.66–1.02)0.61 (0.50–0.75)0.67 (0.55–0.82)0.67 (0.54–0.83)0.91 (0.73–1.14)0.86
Ejection fraction <35%0.9 (0.65–1.24)0.69 (0.50–0.97)0.74 (0.55–1.00)0.75 (0.56–0.99)0.63 (0.47–0.86)0.75 (0.55–1.02)0.74 (0.55–1.00)0.52
Any arterial graft used0.44 (0.37–0.53)0.42 (0.35–0.50)0.49 (0.42–0.59)0.55 (0.46–0.66)0.58 (0.49–0.70)0.53 (0.43–0.66)0.55 (0.44–0.69)<0.01
Cross-clamp time >1 h0.75 (0.63–0.90)0.75 (0.62–0.90)0.8 (0.67–0.95)0.67 (0.57–0.79)0.75 (0.63–0.88)0.7 (0.58–0.85)0.78 (0.65–0.93)0.80
Acute coronary syndrome1.46 (1.23–1.74)1.78 (1.48–2.14)1.44 (1.21–1.71)1.25 (1.06–1.46)1.43 (1.21–1.68)1.42 (1.20–1.69)1.49 (1.27–1.76)0.50
Prior surgery0.6 (0.43–0.82)0.56 (0.39–0.80)0.74 (0.53–1.02)0.87 (0.66–1.17)0.78 (0.57–1.08)0.8 (0.56–1.15)0.92 (0.64–1.31)0.02
Heart failure1.94 (1.44–2.61)1.45 (1.08–1.95)1.04 (0.77–1.40)1.3 (1.00–1.69)1.38 (1.09–1.75)1.43 (1.14–1.80)1.43 (1.15–1.80)0.59
Renal disease0.95 (0.70–1.3)0.91 (0.65–1.28)1.35 (1.00–1.82)1.39 (1.05–1.85)0.91 (0.71–1.17)0.83 (0.65–1.04)0.8 (0.64–1.01)0.03
Diabetes mellitus1.61 (1.28–2.03)1.44 (1.15–1.80)1.43 (1.16–1.76)1.37 (1.14–1.64)1.56 (1.32–1.86)1.42 (1.19–1.70)1.27 (1.08–1.51)0.26
Stroke1.63 (1.19–2.24)1.25 (0.90–1.74)1.4 (1.07–1.85)1.18 (0.92–1.52)1.18 (0.88–1.57)1.01 (0.74–1.39)1.27 (0.95–1.70)0.15
Pulmonary hypertension1.85 (1.04–3.27)1.11 (0.62–1.98)0.78 (0.44–1.36)1.31 (0.85–2.03)1.12 (0.78–1.60)1.54 (1.08–2.20)1.28 (0.89–1.82)0.71