Table 5

Multivariable Relations Between Childhood and Adolescence ApoB and ApoA-I and Adulthood Brachial FMD Adjusted With Other Risk Factors and Brachial Diameter in Subjects Ages 3–18 Years at Baseline

β (95% CI)p Value
ApoA-I0.47 (0.17 to 0.77)0.003
ApoB−0.38 (−0.68 to −0.08)0.02
Baseline brachial diameter−1.25 (−1.55 to −0.95)<0.001
Triglycerides0.31 (−0.01 to 0.63)0.054
Systolic blood pressure0.06 (−0.26 to 0.38)0.69
BMI0.74 (0.42 to 1.06)<0.001
Insulin−0.06 (−0.38 to 0.26)0.71
CRP0.07 (−0.23 to 0.37)0.66
Smoking−0.06 (−0.90 to 0.78)0.89

N = 805. Values are regression coefficients (expressed in percents) for a 1-SD change (specific for age and gender) in continuous variables and for the presence/absence of smoking.

Abbreviations as in Tables 1 and 2.

  • When apoB and apoA-I were replaced with their ratio, the ratio was significantly associated with decreased FMD (β = −0.60 [−0.90 to −0.30], p < 0.001).