Table 4

Multivariate Associations of Baseline Characteristics With All-Cause and Cardiac Mortality in the Perioperative Period

Risk FactorPerioperative All-Cause MortalityPerioperative Cardiac Death
OR Univariate (95% CI)OR Multivariate (95% CI)OR Univariate (95% CI)OR Multivariate (95% CI)
Operation group
 LLR  (reference)1.01.01.01.0
 r-AAA13.51 (8.40–21.74)12.22 (7.46–20.04)6.86 (3.32–14.15)6.21 (2.94–13.12)
 AAA2.27 (1.45–3.57)2.00 (1.27–3.16)2.05 (1.06–3.97)1.89 (1.01–3.68)
 CEA0.49 (0.22–1.07)NS0.26 (0.06–1.17)NS
Gender1.19 (0.80–1.77)NS1.40 (0.72–2.72)NS
Age >70 yrs2.31 (1.66–3.21)1.55 (1.09–2.21)2.57 (1.50–4.39)1.95 (1.12–3.39)
Hypertension1.50 (1.08–2.09)1.55 (1.08–2.22)1.72 (1.02–2.92)NS
COPD2.39 (1.68–3.40)2.05 (1.40–3.01)2.06 (1.17–3.62)NS
Diabetes mellitus1.13 (0.73–1.76)NS1.20 (0.60–2.40)NS
Hypercholesterolemia0.71 (0.40–1.23)NS0.83 (0.36–1.96)NS
Current smoker1.10 (0.73–1.68)NS0.88 (0.43–1.81)NS
MI1.22 (0.80–1.89)NS1.41 (0.80–2.47)NS
Coronary revascularization0.54 (0.34–0.84)NS0.65 (0.33–1.28)NS
Heart failure1.26 (0.65–2.34)NS2.50 (1.12–5.61)NS
Angina1.11 (0.60–2.03)NS1.27 (0.55–2.96)NS
Renal dysfunction2.61 (1.77–3.84)2.09 (1.38–3.18)2.88 (1.60–5.19)2.11 (1.15–3.88)

CI = confidence interval; NS = not significant; OR = odds ratio; other abbreviations as in Table 2.

  • Death because of MI, heart failure, and arrhythmia.

  • Baseline serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dl.