Table 1

Baseline Characteristics of All Patients at Index Myocardial Infarction

VariableAt Index Myocardial InfarctionRelative Risk for Developing HF During the Index Hospitalizationp Value
No HFDeveloped HF
n (%)4,902 (63.4%)2,831 (36.6%)
Age, yrs, median (IQR)74.5 (69.7–80.3)75.5 (70.5–81.1)<0.001
Female41.337.80.86 (0.78–0.95)0.0022
Diabetes16.723.21.51 (1.35–1.70)<0.0001
Hypertension35.342.31.40 (1.27–1.54)<0.0001
Cardiac arrhythmia23.136.51.91 (1.73–2.11)<0.0001
Atrial fibrillation9.620.42.43 (2.13–2.77)<0.0001
Peripheral arterial disease2.76.52.49 (1.98–3.13)<0.0001
Cerebrovascular disease4.97.41.55 (1.28–1.88)<0.0001
Acute renal disease1.94.52.45 (1.87–3.21)<0.0001
Chronic renal disease1.55.94.24 (3.20–5.62)<0.0001
COPD12.916.91.37 (1.21–1.56)<0.0001
Cancer2.33.41.50 (1.14–1.98)0.004

Values are percents unless otherwise stated.

COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; HF = heart failure; IQR = interquartile range.