Table A2

Perioperative Clinical Risk Factors

• History of ischemic heart disease
• History of compensated or prior heart failure
• History of cerebrovascular disease
• Diabetes mellitus (requiring insulin)
• Renal insufficiency (creatinine >2.0)
  • As defined by the 2009 ACCF/AHA Focused Update on Perioperative Beta Blockade Incorporated Into the ACC/AHA 2007 Guidelines on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Care for Noncardiac Surgery (16). Note that these are not standard coronary artery disease risk factors.