Table 4

Results From Multivariate Regression Analysis (Beta-Coefficient ± SE) Regarding the Association Between the Mediterranean Diet Score (per 10-U Increase) and Inflammatory and Coagulation Markers in Subgroups of Participants

All SubjectsHypertensive Subjects (n = 860)Diabetic Subjects (n = 194)Hypercholesterolemic Subjects (n = 1,142)Smokers (n = 1,704)
Amyloid A (per 1 mg/dl)−0.09 ± 0.24−0.14 ± 0.75−0.14 ± 0.32−0.08 ± 0.5−0.1 ± 0.11
C-reactive protein (per 1 mg/l)−0.21 ± 0.12*−0.20 ± 0.31*−0.15 ± 0.15*−0.17 ± 0.17*−0.18 ± 0.24*
Fibrinogen (per 1 mg/dl)−12.7 ± 1.15*−11.5 ± 1.53*−10.6 ± 1.0*−11.6 ± 1.21*−12.2 ± 1.23*
Homocysteine (per 1 μmol/l)−0.83 ± 0.25*−0.84 ± 0.26*−0.77 ± 0.83−0.67 ± 0.35*−0.75 ± 0.24*
Interleukin-6 (per 1 pg/ml)−0.25 ± 0.34*−0.15 ± 0.55*−0.17 ± 0.31*−0.18 ± 0.81−0.17 ± 0.26*
TNF-alpha (per 1 pg/ml)−0.25 ± 1.23−0.17 ± 1.68−0.21 ± 1.32−0.17 ± 0.90−0.17 ± 0.3
White blood cell (×1,000 counts)−0.26 ± 0.11*−0.21 ± 0.10*−0.16 ± 0.17*−0.17 ± 0.19*−0.16 ± 0.18*

TNF = tumor necrosis factor.

  • * p values <0.05 after adjusting for age, gender, smoking, physical activity, education status, presence of hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, family history of coronary heart disease, and body mass index. Data are presented as the mean value ± SD.