Table 1

Lifestyle, Clinical, and Biochemical Characteristics of the Participants, According to the Mediterranean Diet Score

Tertile of Diet Scorep Value*
Men (n = 1,524)Women (n = 1,518)
1st (0–20)2nd (21–35)3rd (36–55)1st (0–20)2nd (21–35)3rd (36–55)
Physical inactivity (%)7056537757640.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)27 ± 526 ± 426 ± 526 ± 324 ± 424 ± 30.125
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)129 ± 17125 ± 18125 ± 17129 ± 18120 ± 18120 ± 190.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)83 ± 1181 ± 1480 ± 1180 ± 1175 ± 1275 ± 100.22
Hypertension (%)5127205036100.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)197 ± 43194 ± 41194 ± 43196 ± 40190 ± 42188 ± 470.10
Hypercholesterolemia (%)4539365147250.09
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)43 ± 1243 ± 1246 ± 1349 ± 1252 ± 1554 ± 110.03
Triglycerides (mg/dl)139 ± 65133 ± 70132 ± 77121 ± 65120 ± 69113 ± 570.02
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)134 ± 43124 ± 38124 ± 42126 ± 39120 ± 37120 ± 410.08
Blood glucose (mg/dl)98 ± 2595 ± 2595 ± 3098 ± 2595 ± 2595 ± 300.30
Diabetes (%)108611620.12

HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low-density lipoprotein.

  • * Probability values are from multiple linear regression models that evaluated the associations between the diet score and clinical and biochemical variables, after adjusting for age, gender, smoking, physical activity, and body mass index of the participants. Data are presented as the percentage of patients and the mean value ± SD.