Table 1

Pretransplant Characteristics for OCT and HHT Patients

OCT (n = 233)HHT (n = 38)p Value
Men200 (86%)29 (76%)0.133*
Women33 (14%)9 (24%)
Mean age (yrs)47.6 ± 10.648.2 ± 9.90.76
Age range (yrs)18–7023–65
Ethnicity
 Caucasian208 (89%)35 (92%)0.61
 Asian16 (7%)3 (8%)
 Other9 (4%)0 (0%)
Pretransplant diagnosis
 Ischemic heart disease123 (53%)21 (55%)0.52
 Dilated cardiomyopathy63 (27%)12 (32%)
 Congenital heart disease13 (6%)0 (0%)
 Viral myocarditis12 (5%)3 (8%)
 Other22 (9%)2 (5%)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)109 ± 17108 ± 180.81
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)70 ± 1169 ± 110.45
History of previous hypertension24/225§ (11%)6/37§ (16%)0.48*
Number of patients receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor183/224§ (82%)32/36§ (89%)0.35*
Serum creatinine (μmol/l)112 ± 27107 ± 220.21
Estimated creatinine clearance78 ± 2284 ± 270.15
Body mass index (kg/m2)24.8 ± 4.225.8 ± 3.250.17

Values are n (%) or mean ± SD.

HHT = heterotopic heart transplantation; OCT = orthotopic cardiac transplantation.

  • * Chi-square test.

  • Student ttest.

  • Fisher exact test.

  • § Number/number for which data available.

  • Estimated creatinine clearance calculated according to Cockroft and Gault (13).