Table 2

Low-Carbohydrate Diet Pros and Cons

Initial weight lossHigh-protein diet
 Diuretic effect Calcium balance
Palatable diet Renal and hepatic complications
 Easier to maintainPotentially atherogenic
Caloric restrictionHigh in saturated fat and cholesterol
 Reason for weight loss?
Low in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • This table summarizes the positive and negative aspects of low-carbohydrate diets. Adapted from data in references 7–10.