Table 2

Characteristics of CHF Patients at Hospital Admission

CharacteristicsCHF Patients (n = 100)
Medical history
 Diabetes, n (%)34 (34)
 Renal insufficiency, n (%)82 (88)
Mild to moderate malnutrition, n (%)49 (50)
Poor/fair appetite, n (%)48 (48)
Thiamin intake§, mg/day, mean (SD)1.60 (0.64)
Etiology of CHF
 CAD40 (40)
 Valve disease18 (18)
 Hypertension3 (3)
 Combination (CAD/valve)11 (11)
 Cardiomyopathy28 (28)
NYHA functional classification, n (%)
 Class I6 (6)
 Class II18 (18)
 Class III43 (43)
 Class IV32 (32)
LV function, n (%)
 Grade I (EF >50%)21 (21)
 Grade II (EF = 35%–49%)26 (26)
 Grade III (EF = 25%–35%)27 (27)
 Grade IV (EF <25%)26 (26)

CAD = coronary artery disease; EF = ejection fraction; LV = left ventricle; NYHA = New York Heart Association; other abbreviations as in Table 1.

  • Renal insufficiency is defined as corrected creatinine clearance <1.24 ml/s/SA, n = 93.

  • Subjective global assessment score B (n = 98), score C (n = 1).

  • Self-reported appetite rating scale.

  • § Thiamin intake determined by food frequency questionnaire.

  • NYHA functional classification completed in 99 subjects.