Table 1

Mean Values for Adolescent and Adult Characteristics in Those With and Without IMT ≥90th Percentile in Adulthood in Cohorts From Finland, the U.S., and Australia

CohortMalesFemalesAll
IMT <90th PercentileIMT ≥90th PercentileIMT <90th PercentileIMT ≥90th Percentile
Young Finns
 Adolescence
  n46954566821,171
  Age, yrs15.0 ± 2.414.8 ± 2.414.8 ± 2.415.0 ± 2.514.9 ± 2.4
  LDL-C, mmol/l3.22 ± 0.783.49 ± 0.843.34 ± 0.793.39 ± 0.793.30 ± 0.79
  HDL-C, mmol/l1.50 ± 0.311.49 ± 0.331.59 ± 0.291.57 ± 0.291.55 ± 0.30
 Adulthood
  Age, yrs36.0 ± 2.435.8 ± 2.435.8 ± 2.436.0 ± 2.535.9 ± 2.4
  LDL-C, mmol/l3.63 ± 0.923.84 ± 0.833.25 ± 0.783.35 ± 0.803.43 ± 0.87
  HDL-C, mmol/l1.18 ± 0.281.15 ± 0.311.40 ± 0.301.37 ± 0.311.30 ± 0.31
  IMT, mm0.64 ± 0.080.87 ± 0.110.61 ± 0.070.79 ± 0.060.65 ± 0.10
Bogalusa
 Adolescence
  n981312815254
  Age, yrs14.8 ± 1.614.9 ± 1.914.8 ± 1.514.7 ± 1.315.3 ± 1.5
  LDL-C, mmol/l2.39 ± 0.722.62 ± 0.672.48 ± 0.612.76 ± 0.672.47 ± 0.66
  HDL-C, mmol/l1.44 ± 0.521.17 ± 0.541.56 ± 0.491.32 ± 0.391.48 ± 0.51
 Adulthood
  Age, yrs31.8 ± 1.532.2 ± 1.631.9 ± 1.531.9 ± 1.232.4 ± 1.4
  LDL-C, mmol/l3.21 ± 0.813.50 ± 0.663.03 ± 0.893.39 ± 0.833.15 ± 0.85
  HDL-C, mmol/l1.09 ± 0.271.15 ± 0.371.28 ± 0.351.22 ± 0.491.20 ± 0.34
  IMT, mm0.73 ± 0.111.06 ± 0.110.67 ± 0.090.92 ± 0.080.73 ± 0.14
CDAH
 Adolescence
  n1192413112286
  Age, yrs13.4 ± 1.513.1 ± 1.513.4 ± 1.513.3 ± 1.513.4 ± 1.5
  LDL-C, mmol/l2.61 ± 0.562.73 ± 0.672.67 ± 0.633.58 ± 1.582.69 ± 0.69
  HDL-C, mmol/l1.38 ± 0.261.45 ± 0.351.50 ± 0.281.36 ± 0.381.44 ± 0.29
 Adulthood
  Age, yrs33.4 ± 1.732.9 ± 1.633.4 ± 1.632.9 ± 1.833.3 ± 1.7
  LDL-C, mmol/l3.21 ± 0.713.26 ± 0.752.79 ± 0.803.96 ± 2.173.05 ± 0.90
  HDL-C, mmol/l1.27 ± 0.291.33 ± 0.301.57 ± 0.361.57 ± 0.331.43 ± 0.36
  IMT, mm0.60 ± 0.080.80 ± 0.080.59 ± 0.070.78 ± 0.050.62 ± 0.10

Statistics are mean ± SD. To convert LDL-C and HDL-C to mg/dl, multiply values by 38.67.

CDAH = Childhood Determinants of Adult Health Study; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; IMT = intima-media thickness; LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.