Table 2

Patients Without LGE Compared With Patients With LGE

No LGELGEp ValueOR (95% CI)
LGE (n)72148
Age (yrs)55.059.50.501.01 (0.99–1.03)
Pattern
 Septal88.9 (64/72)81.8 (121/148)0.170.56 (0.24–1.30)
 Apical5.6 (4/72)8.8 (13/148)0.401.64 (0.51–5.21)
 Concentric5.6 (4/72)9.5 (14/148)0.321.78 (0.56–5.60)
CMR
 LVEF (%)70.571.00.950.99 (0.97–1.02)
 Maximal wall thickness (mm)18.020.0<0.011.13 (1.05–1.21)
 LV mass (g)147.0162.00.051.01 (1.00–1.01)
 LV mass index (g/m2)76.085.00.0011.01 (1.00–1.02)
 LVOT obstruction (%)34.729.70.450.80 (0.44–1.45)
 LGE (g)05.7
 LGE (% of LVM) (%)03.2
 Surface area LGE (mm2)0211.6
 Surface area/LV mass (mm2/g)01.4
SCD risk factors
 Maximal wall thickness >30 mm0 (0/72)5.4 (8/148)<0.05N/A
 History of spontaneous VT0 (0/72)8.1 (12/148)<0.05N/A
 Family history of SCD2.8 (2/72)5.4 (8/148)0.382.00 (0.41–9.67)
 Unexplained syncope4.2 (3/72)6.1 (9/148)0.561.49 (0.39–5.68)
 LVOT obstruction >30 mm Hg14.3 (9/63)11.4 (15/132)0.560.77 (0.32–1.87)
Number of SCD risk factors
 083.3 (60/72)73.8 (107/148)0.070.52 (0.25–1.07)
 113.9 (10/72)21.3 (33/148)0.141.78 (0.82–3.85)
 22.8 (2/72)9.1 (5/148)0.811.22 (0.23–6.47)
 30.0 (0/72)2.0 (3/148)0.22N/A

Values are % (n/N) unless otherwise indicated.

CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio; other abbreviations as in Table 1.