Table 3

Characteristics of Case and Control Participants With and Without a PH of MI (Adjusted for Age, Sex, and Region)

ControlsCases
CharacteristicsNo PH of MI (n = 12,714)With PH of MI (n = 1,753)p ValueNo PH of MI (n = 9,935)With PH of MI (n = 2,214)p Value
Body mass index, kg/m226.326.70.000126.827.3<0.0001
Waist-to-hip ratio0.900.890.01890.930.930.8382
Blood pressure, mm Hg
 Systolic1291310.00051221210.0190
 Diastolic80800.001774740.0531
Cholesterol, mmol/l
 Total5.285.57<0.00015.435.500.0430
 LDL3.253.49<0.00013.493.520.2825
 Triglycerides1.922.020.00871.962.040.0246
 HDL1.171.190.08771.061.070.3625
Apo B0.930.98<0.00011.001.010.0811
Apo A-I1.271.300.00061.151.160.3367
Apo B/Apo A-I ratio0.770.800.00030.910.910.3926
HbA1c5.855.860.75206.166.120.2979
Smoking
 Current or past40.645.20.001058.662.20.0103
 Current16.815.70.213834.935.40.6772
 Past17.222.5<0.000114.716.80.0103
Diabetes6.68.10.024829.822.20.0227
Hypertension20.224.60.000141.645.30.0042
Alcohol consumption18.721.20.018014.015.70.0323
Physical activity20.322.90.019913.614.40.3272
Consume both fruits and vegetables daily48.054.3<0.000138.343.6<0.0001
Depression18.821.80.004126.229.20.0124
Stress
 Permanent4.15.20.02427.210.5<0.0001
 Several periods17.719.20.145921.621.00.5500
 Severe financial stress9.67.80.008513.913.40.5271
 Moderate financial stress34.932.60.071737.134.80.0558
 2+ stressful events13.413.40.935317.620.20.0056
Least control over life33.131.70.292416.719.20.0133

Values are listed as mean or %.

Apo = apolipoprotein; HbA1c = glycosylated hemoglobin; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; MI = myocardial infarction; PH = parental history.