Table 2

Procedural Outcomes

Total number of procedures57
Number of patients with mitral PVL32 (74)
Number of patients with aortic PVL9 (21)
Number of patients with aortic PVL and mitral PVL2 (5)
Mitral PVL leak locations
 2–67 (18)
 6–1014 (37)
 10–217 (45)
Aortic PVL leak locations
 11–34 (36)
 3–72 (18)
 7–115 (46)
Mitral PVLs intended to treat38
Mitral PVLs successfully treated34 (89)
Mitral PVLs requiring a second procedure to close5 (14)
Mitral PVLs in biological valves26 (68)
Mitral PVLs in mechanical valves12 (32)
Aortic PVLs intended to treat11
Aortic PVLs successfully treated8 (73)
Aortic PVLs requiring a second procedure to close3 (27)
Aortic PVLs in biological valves6 (55)
Aortic PVLs in mechanical valves5 (45)
Procedural failures
 Valve interference, device withdrawal3 (5)
 Failure to cross with delivery system8 (14)
 Wire entrapment, conversion to surgery1 (2)
Fluoroscopy time, min39.0 ± 28.8
 Mitral PVL42.6 ± 29.9
 Aortic PVL29.9 ± 24.5
Complications
 Acute embolization2 (4)
 Wire entrapped, conversion to surgery1 (2)
 Cardiac perforation2 (4)
 Iliac artery dissection1 (2)
 Procedure-related death1 (2)

Values are n, n (%), or mean ± SD.

PVL = paravalvular leak.

  • See Figure 1.