Table 1

Baseline Characteristics (n = 23)

Age, yrs81.1 ± 5.8
Female14 (60.9)
Diabetes4 (17.4)
Peripheral vascular disease7 (30.4)
Prior stroke/TIA8 (34.8)
Prior CABG10 (43.5)
Prior tricuspid intervention4 (17.4)
COPD6 (26.1)
CRF13 (56.5)
Permanent AF14 (60.9)
Prior PM7 (30.4)
NYHA functional class III and IV22 (95.6)
NYHA functional class II1 (4.4)
Etiology of degeneration
 Stenosis7 (30.4)
 Regurgitation9 (39.1)
 Mixed7 (30.4)
Echocardiogram
 Mean mitral gradient, mm Hg11.1 ± 4.6
 MVA, cm21.2 ± 0.7
 LVEF, %54.5 ± 12.3
STS score, %12.6 ± 6.9

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).

AF = Atrial fibrillation; CABG = coronary artery bypass graft surgery; COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CRF = chronic renal failure; LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction; MVA = mitral valve area; NYHA = New York Heart Association; PM = pacemaker; STS = Society of Thoracic Surgeons; TIA = transient ischemic attack.