Table 1

Baseline Demographic Data and Clinical Characteristics in Women and Men

CharacteristicsWomen (n = 702)Men (n = 1,666)p Value
Age at entry, yrs62.9 ± 9.362.2 ± 8.70.11
Race, ethnicity<0.01
 White, non-Hispanic55.8%70.1%
 Black, non-Hispanic27.6%12.2%
 Hispanic12.7%12.5%
 Asian and others3.8%5.2%
History of MI28.0%33.8%<0.01
History of hypertension87.1%80.6%<0.01
Prior revascularization22.4%24.1%0.37
Diabetes duration, yrs12.2 ± 9.69.7 ± 8.1<0.01
History of CHF7.8%6.2%0.14
BMI (kg/m2)32.8 ± 6.931.3 ± 5.5<0.01
Neuropathy: clinical MNSI >245.7%52.2%<0.01
Intermittent claudication20.4%16.4%0.02
History of cigarette smoking48.4%74.7%<0.01
Current smoker10.3%13.4%
Angina66.5%58.2%<0.01
 Stable CCS I–II63.7%73.1%<0.01
 Stable CCS III–IV17.8%12.5%
 Unstable18.5%14.4%
Angina equivalents72.6%60.1%<0.01
DASI14.1 ± 10.721.0 ± 14.0<0.01
Self-Rated Health60.8 ± 20.765.1 ± 18.5<0.01
LDL <100 mg/dl50.8%63.3%<0.01
Triglycerides <150 mg/dl52.1%49.9%0.34
Blood pressure ≤130/80 mm Hg44.8%48.7%0.08
HbA1c <7.0%32.3%42.7%<0.01

Values are mean ± SD, %, or n.

BMI = body mass index; CCS = Canadian Cardiovascular Society; CHF = congestive heart failure; DASI = Duke Activity Status Index; HbA1c = glycosylated hemoglobin; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; MI = myocardial infarction; MSNI = Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument.