Table 3

Cardiovascular Medications Useful for Treatment of Various Stages*of Heart Failure

DrugStage AStage BStage C
ACE Inhibitors
 CaptoprilH, DNPost MIHF
 EnalaprilH, DNHFHF
 LisinoprilH, DNPost MIHF
 PerindoprilH, CV Risk
 RamiprilH, CV RiskPost MIPost MI
 TrandolaprilHPost MIPost MI
Angiotensin Receptor Blockers
 IrbesartanH, DN
 LosartanH, DNCV Risk
 ValsartanH, DNPost MIPost MI, HF
Aldosterone Blockers
 EplerenoneHPost MIPost MI
Beta Blockers
 AtenololHPost MI
 CarvedilolHPost MIHF, Post MI
 Metoprolol succinateHHF
 Metoprolol tartrateHPost MI
 PropranololHPost MI
 TimololHPost MI

Asymptomatic CV Risk indicates reduction in future cardiovascular events; DN, diabetic nephropathy; H, hypertension; HF, heart failure; LVSD, asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction; and Post MI, reduction in heart failure or other cardiac events following myocardial infarction.

  • * See Figure 1for explanation of stages of heart failure.